|19TH CENTURY SHERIFFS||20TH CENTURY SHERIFFS||21ST CENTURY SHERIFFS||TEXAS COUNTIES||GALLERY|
Montgomery County was the third county created by the Republic of Texas on December 14, 1837. Montgomery County was named for the newly created town of Montgomery. When Texas joined the Union in 1845, it was required to change the boundaries of its counties to make them smaller. As a result, Montgomery County was divided into six parts and became the parent county of Grimes, Madison, San Jacinto, Waller and Walker Counties.
The Montgomery County Sheriff’s Office is budgeted for approximately 850 employees making it the seventh largest sheriff’s office in the State of Texas. There are a little under 500 sworn peace officers allocated for the agency. Twenty-one percent of the sworn positions are supervisors in the rank of Sergeant and higher with the remaining 79 percent of the agency’s sworn officers dedicated to line-level duties.
The Montgomery County Sheriff’s Office is organized into 10 divisions. Each division is headed by a Captain or Civilian Director who reports to the Chief Deputy.
Texas law states the Sheriff of each county is the keeper of the jail. The Jail Division is tasked with providing humane and safe detention of persons arrested, those who are serving a misdemeanor sentence and those awaiting transfer to the Texas Department of Criminal Justice Institutional Division following a felony conviction. The jail is capable of housing approximately 1,250 inmates. Sworn peace officers along with civilian Detention Officer and Detention Sergeant counterparts are assigned to maintain a safe and secure environment inside the county’s courthouse complex and the jail, which is the 12th largest county jail in the State of Texas by bed space. Sworn bailiffs and transport Deputies ensure inmates are afforded the Constitutional right to be present during their court proceedings and secure more than a dozen courtrooms for visitors, attorneys and elected judicial officers in downtown Conroe. Altogether, the functions of the Jail Division involve more than a third of the entire Sheriff’s Office. As indicated by law, the jail remains the single-most important duty of the sheriff.
Three patrol divisions, East, West and The Woodlands respond to calls for service, conduct investigations and engage in community policing efforts.
The Sheriff’s Office also has case Detectives dedicated to responding to and investigating serious felony offenses against persons and property assigned to the Criminal Investigations Division. In addition, Crime Scene Investigators assigned to the agency’s crime lab respond to major crimes such as homicide and robberies. The agency has sworn Detectives and Deputies who perform specialized functions or investigate or patrol for specific types of crime. These functions include those assigned to the Criminal Investigations Division investigating Narcotics, Auto Theft, Vice, Gangs and computer crimes, those attached to the patrol divisions performing Traffic Enforcement and the Auto Theft Task Force, and those contained within the Homeland Security Division working with federal agencies on terrorism-related cases.
Many of the specialized functions are assigned to the Homeland Security Division, which was established in 2017 and includes the Special Response Group, sourced from employees in other divisions and activated in order to control large-scale disturbances, the Crisis Negotiations Team (CNT), again sourced from employees in other divisions, the Special Weapons and Tactics Team (SWAT), the section of both narcotics and explosive detector working dogs (K-9s) and a pilot and fixed-wing aircraft.
The Finance Division is dedicated to ensuring the public servants of the agency are good and reasonable stewards of the taxpayers’ money and the Law Enforcement Technology Division performs standard IT services in addition to maintenance of the combined Records Management, Computer-Aided Dispatch and Jail Management System.
A portion of the agency’s sworn personnel are assigned to the Executive Division, since these positions require a commissioned officer familiar with field operations. Peace officers assigned to this division perform functions related to training, recruiting, internal affairs and Crime Stoppers.
Finally, the Law Enforcement Support Division consists of the civilian employees who serve as Telecommunicators, technicians who maintain the county’s vast Mobile/Portable Radio system, and vehicle mechanics for the fleet of both marked and unmarked Sheriff’s vehicles.